Attractions in oman

World heritage sights

The Sultanate of Oman is a land of charm and contrasts.

The Oman's natural and cultural sites helped the Sultanate to gain the special attention and interest of UNESCO, through its International Heritage Preservation Programme, which aims to categories and name all significant heritage sites worldwide, both cultural and natural.
The four major classifications of UNESCO is located in the Sultanate:
The Castle of Bahla, its perimeter and the adjoining oasis in A'Dakhliyah Region, listed in 1987.
The settlement and tombs in Bat dating from the third millennium BC, including the Al-Khatm and Al-Ain locations in Adh-Dhahira Region, all listed in 1988.
The Frankincense Route in the Governorate of Dhofar, which was listed in 2000. The Route comprises the ancient cities of Al-Blaid and Shasr, Khuwr Rori, and Wadi Dooka. These locations collectively contributed to the flourishing of the frankincense trade for many centuries throughout the Middle Ages.
Falaj Daris in the Dakhliyah Region
Falaj Al-Khatmeen in Niyabat Barkat Al-Muz near Nizwa in the Dakhiliah Region.
Falaj Al-Malki in the Wllayat of Izki in the Dakhiliah region.
Falaj Al-Mayser in the Wilayat of Rustaq in the Batinah region.
Falaj Al-Jeilah in the Wilayat of Surin in the Sharqiya region.

Castles

Al-Jalali Fort perches on top of a rock on the eastern side of the old harbour of Muscat, overlooking the majestic Al-Alam Palace. Its name is thought to be derived from the Persian name Jalal.
The fort was originally built in the early 16th century by the Portuguese captain Melkior Calaca, with more fortifications and towers being added towards the latter half of the century.

Mosque

Grand Mosque

Opened in May 2001, the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque is a splendid architectural achievement. This serene building rises above the surrounding area, its minarets standing tall against a background of mountains in a landscape which is quintessentially Omani. However, it is not just a triumph of architecture but symbolizes the faith of the Omani people and the supremacy of Islam in the country. The mosque is actually a complex consisting of an Islamic Studies Centre, a 3-storey library with 20,000 volumes, a meeting and conference hall to seat 300 people, in addition to two prayer halls. The main musalla (prayer hall) has been designed to hold over 6,500 worshippers, while the women's musalla can accommodate 750. The outer paved courtyard holds another 8,000 and there is additional space in the interior courtyard and passageways, making a total capacity of up to 20,000 worshippers.

Other Mosques in Oman

Ash-Shawathenah Mosque

Located in the traditional neighbourhood of Al-Uqr in Wilayat Nizwa, the mosque is also known locally as Al-Qeblatayn Mosque Its mihrab (niche) was built in 1529 and is 4 metres high and three metres wide. Numerous scholars, writers and intellectuals studied here.

Al-Mazare'ah Mosque

Located in Mazare'ah in Wilayat Samael, the mosque boasts a simple beauty and outstanding inscriptions. Its mihrab was built in 1567.

Al-Aali Mosque

Located in the old town of Manah, this mosque is an example of early architecture and basic ornamentation. Its mihrab was built in 909 and has a height of 4 metres and a width of more than 2.5 metres.

Al-Kabeer (Grand) Mosque

Located in the village of Al-Hosn in Wilayat Bahla, the mosque's mihrab was built in 1511 and exceeds six metres in height.

Al-Jame'a Mosque

A unique architectural gem constructed in the 11th century (Hijri), the mosque is located in Wilayat Jaalan Bani Bou Ali in Ash-Sharqiyah Region. This beautiful mosque is distinguished by its unusual design comprising 52 domes. It was recently renovated but not structurally altered.

Nakhl Mosque

One of the oldest mosques in Wilayat Nakhl, it was renovated in 1586, and remained unchanged for over 400 years. In 1991, the mosque was reconstructed to comply with modern architectural standards.



Museums

Natural History Museum, Armed Forces Museum, National Museum Omani Museum, Children Museum, Omani-French Museum, Bait Az-Zubair Museum, Bait Al-Baranda Museum, Oil and Gas Museum, Salalah Museum, Sohar Castle Museum, Muscat Gate Museum



Handicrafts

Shipbuilding

Sure is the Shipbuilding yard of Gulf, where you can experience a first-hand impressive craft of ship building. Building large ships is no longer practiced; only boats and small ships such as sanbook are currently being produced. Several professional shipbuilders now make miniature models of the various old Omani ships that once graced the waters of the Sultanate. A small naval museum has been set up for interested visitors showcasing the history of ship-building in the region.

The Pottery & Mining Industry

In addition to other unique handicrafts the pottery industry in Oman is considered one of the oldest and most important traditions. Archaeological discoveries have revealed that potteries were active throughout Oman during the fourth millennium B.C. The Omani pottery industry shows its influence coming from the pottery of Samurai’s, Siraf and Yemen, where Islamic crafts flourished. Oman’s Silver Mining industry is an ancient trade Practiced for many centuries throughout the Sultanate, Centered primarily in Nizwa, this business is widespread and can be found in Muscat, Muttrah, Salalah, Ibri, Bahla, Rustaq and Sur.

The Spinning and weaving

The important source of wool is Goats and sheep it is not only considered a vital source of food in Oman, but also an Wool is sheared from the sheep, cleaned, carded and spun to make threads which are used in their natural colors or dyed with traditional natural dyes .The wool is used by the Bedu to make tents, rugs, blankets and saddlebags in a variety of traditional designs depending on the region. The mountain villages of Jebel Akdar are also famous for their weaving of colorful carpets. Goat hair is combed from the goats and felted to make shoes.

Palm-frond weaving

A wealth of approximately eight million verities of palm trees is found in Oman. The leaves are stripped from the tree and used by skilled craftsmen to manufacture a host of household objects, such as ropes, baskets, bird cages, pergolas, mats, fans and fishing cages to name but a handful.

Kummah Embroidery

The origin of Kummah embroidery is unknown so far. However, what is known is that this sophisticated head dress is unique in that it is made only by women to be worn only by men. The intricate openwork and embroidery is painstaking and precise work and designs are innovative and individual.

The delicious Omani Halva making

A distinctive Omani sweetmeat the Omani halwa, made from starch, eggs, sugar, water, saffron, ghee, cardamom, nuts, and rosewater, the latter usually brought from Al-Jabal Al-Akhdar. The special Ebri Halva made out of Got meat is famous for its medicinal value. The ingredients are mixed in specified proportions and normally cooked in a large pot called Al-Mirjal, for not less than two hours with continuous stirring. The halwa is served in honor of guests and on special occasions.

The famous Rose water Distillation

The Green Mountain of Al Jabal Al Akhdar situated approximately 150 km from the capital city of Muscat, is one of the Sultanate’s most distinguished tourist destinations. March, April, May, the heights of the mountain, particularly the villages of Al Shareejah and Seiq, are overflowing with rose pickers. The height of the rose picking season is April. Roses are picked at two intervals of the day, early morning when the rose’s open and early evening, as the sun begins to set. The process of distillation is a long and hard task, continuing throughout the day and as well as into the night, the perfume of the rose water wafting through the narrow lanes of the villages



Traditional Souk (Shopping Market )

The Muttra Souk

Muttrah Souk is the most famous traditional souk in the country and the oldest in the Capital Area. Rambling over a large area behind the Muttrah Corniche the souk is a paradise for souvenir-hunting tourists. Entering the souk, you feel transported into an Arabian Nights fantasy, albeit a slightly modernized one. Frankincense, perfumes, spices, dates and antiques jostle for space with electronic products, fashion accessories and toys. A cornucopia of exotic sounds, smells and flavors assails the senses in bewildering yet exciting profusion.

The Nizwa Souk

In the heart of Nizwa, at close proximity to its towering fort and imposing mosque, is the famous souk of Nizwa. A leisurely walk around the souk allows you to experience a taste of life in Oman outside the capital where a traditional Omani lifestyle still exists. There are various local artifacts for sale, such as antique rifles, pottery, old wooden chests, silverwork, and frankincense. In the silver souq, silversmiths can be seen hammering patterns into the hilts of khanjars.


The Salalah Souk

Salalah city is the largest city in Dhofar governorate and has a number of specialized and well-stocked popular markets that extend along the main streets The most prominent markets are: the Central Market, Gold Market, Fort Market and Al Haffah Market. You can also find a variety of miscellaneous textiles, clothing, gold and silver jewelry, and other traditional products, in addition to some restaurants and coffee shops.

The Major Shopping centers

  • Sabco Centre Located in Qurum Commercial District
  • Khamis Plaza Located in Qurum Commercial District
  • Jawharat Al-Shatti Located in Shatti Al-Qurum
  • City Plaza Located in Al Khuwair
  • Capital Commercial Centre Located in Qurum Commercial District
  • Al-Sarooj Complex Located in Shatti Al-Qurum
  • Al-Harthy Complex in Qurum
  • Al-Bahja Centre Located in Seeb (Al-Mawalih Roundabout)
  • Al-Araimi Complex Located in Qurum Commercial District
  • Muscat City Centre Located in Seeb
  • Khimji Megastore Located in Ruwi
  • Al Araimi Located in Qurum
  • Markaz Al Bahja Located in Seeb - Al Mawaleh