The unspoiled culture and traditional lifestyle of Sultanate differentiate it in all aspect. Even in its modernity, Oman is distinctly Arab and offers the visitor a glimpse of many unique old-world wonders. If you are searching for the history, arts, architecture and the structure of traditional societies and government, Oman is the place for you. You can experience Oman's sense of timelessness in the ancient interior city of Nizwa, the towns along the coast, the Capital itself and the southern city of Salalah. All are steeped in history and tradition.

Islamic religion is the root of Omani culture. Oman has its own particular form of Islam, called Ibadhism, after its founder, Abdullah ibn Ibadh who lived during the 7th century AD. Not all Omanis are Ibadhis however; there are also Sunni and Shi'a Muslims. Omanis are not only tolerant of the beliefs of different Muslim sects, they are also tolerant towards believers of other faiths, who are allowed to practice their religion in churches and temples.


The heritage has been passed from generation to generations, the art, the culture, the folklore and the craftsmanship have to be seen. In the heart of Oman we can explore further: the sense of respect for time, for people, and for nature. Some part of Oman's rich heritage, kept alive and unchanged for generations. It may help you understand tomorrow a little better. World Heritage Sites including Bat—with its tombs dating back 3,000 years, the Fort of Bahla, and the fascinating Frankincense Route which commences from Dhofar and includes Al-Blaid, site of the ancient city of Zafar, Khawr Rawri, Shisr and Wadi Dukah. Many museums and galleries around the secluded and historic harbors of Muscat and Muttrah illuminate the importance of the sea and, indeed, of water generally, throughout Oman's 5,000 year-old history.

Dress Code for Visitors:

The dress code is fairly liberal in Muscat, although decency is still expected. Women should wear, for example, tops with sleeves, and skirts covering the knees or trousers. Men are required to wear trousers and shirts with sleeves. Swimwear should be restricted to the beach or pools.

National dress of Oman

Dress for Male
A comfortable dress adapted to the climatic condition is designed traditionally for Male. The national dress is a simple, ankle-length, collarless gown with long sleeves called a dishdasha.

The Omani khanjar
The unique traditional khanjar (dagger) is worn in a leather sheath at the front of the body in a special belt, it is a symbol of a man's origin, his manhood and courage. Oman's National dress is not complete without it and men wear the khanjar on all formal public occasions and festivals. The khanjar has played an important role in Oman's history and this fact is reflected in the incorporation of its image into the Omani national flag.

The traditional colorful Woman's dress

Omani women's colorful dress distinguished it from their Arab Gulf neighbors by their eye-catching national costumes, with distinctive regional variations. It shows the tribal tradition particularly in the past. However, all costumes incorporate vivid colors and vibrant embroidery and decorations.

The Omani women's traditional costume comprises several garments:

Women also wear a head shawl known by several names, wiqaya, lisso and fatqah. However, it is most commonly referred to as the lihaf. Today the Omani women wore their traditional dress for special occasions. In its place, a simple and convenient item of clothing is preferred. Women now choose to wear a loose black cloak called an abaya over their personal choice of clothing, whilst in some regions a face mask known as a burqa is still worn to this day.

The Folklore Art of Oman

In the cultural heritage of Sultanate of Oman Music plays an integral role. Traditional music is performed in groups, reflecting social ties and solidarity. A typical, music is played as part of age-old customs and traditions for religious festivities and on national as well as private occasions such as weddings, circumcisions and harvest festivals. More often the music is accompanied by dancing, singing and the recitation of poetry, which may vary in context and style from one wilayat to another.