About Oman

About Oman

The Sultanate of Oman is a land of charm and contrasts.

Land of crazy mountains and stunning landscapes. Unbroken coastlines with pristine beaches and warm seas. Land of smiling people and ancient civilizations. The Sultanate of Oman is the third largest peninsula situated on the Eastern edge of Arabia. The countries entire east cost is fringed by the Arabian Sea and its land neighbors include Yemen and to the south and Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates on its western border. The Oman’s shore is facing towards the Indian Ocean giving rise the name “The Arabian Sea”. For centuries this magnificent and diverse land was known as the ARABIAN FELIX because of the warm and hospitable virtues of Oman’s people. The careful balance between past and present allows visitors to the country to witness a unique paradox: a rich history, heritage and culture perfectly preserved, together with the most modern convenient and luxurious facilities. In this country Ancient customs, historical architecture, traditional crafts and legendary Omani hospitality live side by side with 20th century amenities, luxury hotels and state of the art services.

The Historical Background of Oman.

The inhabitants of the area of Oman have long prospered on Indian Ocean trade. In the late 18th Century a newly established Sultanate in Muscat signed a series of friendship treats with Britten. Over time, Oman’ dependence to British political and military adviser increased, but it never become a British colony. In 1970 Sultan His Majesty QABOOS Bin Said Al Said over through the restrictive rule of his father; he has ruled Sultan ever since. Oman’s moderate independent foreign policy has sought to maintain good relationship with all the Middle East countries.

Oman’s unique story reveals examples of great moral strength, courage, heroism, maritime skills, scholarship and hard work that have together molded the Sultanate into its present form. The earliest Stone Age settlement discovered in Oman is in the Wattaya district and dates back more than 10,000 years. The Portuguese possessions in India suffered tremendously from the Omani strikes. Portuguese and Omanis engaged in bloody battles for the control of East Africa, until the entire East African shore from Mombassa to Kilwa fell under Omani control. In 1698 AD the Omanis conquered Mombassa and then entered Pemba, Zanzibar and Patta, Mozambique was the only country that resisted the Omani Arab fleet, and it stayed under Portuguese control until the twentieth century Despite repeated attempts from 1737-1744 AD, the Persian invasions were not to achieve their objective of subduing Oman because of the valiant resistance put up by the Omanis. Oman’s heroic resistance staved off the Persian invasion in that period and their ultimate victory is owing to the leadership of Ahmed bin Said Al-Busaidi who succeeded in ousting the Persians from Oman and was elected Imam in 1744 AD.

In 1970 His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the Crowning Glory of Oman, inaugurated the renaissance and modern age of Oman.

Geography of Oman

Oman, or Sultanate of Oman, a country in the Middle East, on the Arabian Peninsula in southwestern Asia. Until 1970 it was known as the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman. Oman fronts on the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman and is bordered inland by the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. The tip of the Musandam Peninsula, at the entrance to the oil-rich Persian Gulf, is considered an integral part of Oman. Much of the sultanate's boundary with the United Arab Emirates is undefined, making an exact measurement of Oman's area impossible. The official estimate is 115,800 square miles (300,000 km2).

Facts in brief about Oman

Capital: Muscat. Official language: Arabic.
Official name: Saltanat Oman (Sultanate of Oman).
Area: 119,499 mi2 (309,500 km2). Greatest distances - north-south, 500 mi (805 km); east-west, 400 mi (644 km). Coastline - about 1,060 mi (1,700 km).
Elevation: Highest - Jabal Ash Sham, 9,957 ft (3,035 m) above sea level. Lowest - sea level.
Population: Current estimate - 2,705,000; density, 23 per mi2 (9 per km2); distribution, 72 percent urban, 28 percent rural. 2003 census - 2,340,815.
Chief products: Agriculture - alfalfa, bananas, coconuts, dates, limes, onions, pomegranates, tobacco, tomatoes, wheat. Fishing industry - sardines, cod, sharks. Mining - petroleum, natural gas, copper, chromite.
National anthem: "Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani" ("Sultan's National Anthem").
Flag: Oman's flag has a vertical red stripe on the left and three horizontal stripes of white, red, and green. The national emblem, which features crossed swords and a dagger, appears at the top of the vertical stripe.
Money: Basic unit - Omani rial, or riyal. One thousand baizas equal one rial.